Common allergies in dogs and cats

With most of the attention spared on the health and allergies experienced by humans, there is a real dearth of awareness of health problems on their dear pets. Dogs and cats also have health issues and their share of allergies. Of these, some are common to both the canine and feline families. The foremost allergy widespread in both the families is the case of flea bites. It’s a nightmare to the pet parents, as the problem’s root cause, the allergy towards flea saliva manifests into multiple symptoms like irritation of skin, hair loss and no less than external skin wounds due to frequent scratching.

Allergic food items

Safeguarding your pets from fleas can for sure keep allergies and hot spots at bay. The other common allergies endured by dogs and cats are caused because of consuming wheat products, marine items, foods with poultry ingredients, beef and surprisingly, rice too finds a place in the list. Half of the dogs and cats just have ear infections as their only sign of symptom for allergy. Along with beef and wheat products, dairy food is also known to be the reason for almost two-thirds of allergies encountered by the dogs. As for the cats, an overwhelming 90% of their food allergies are due to marine products and beef.

The role of immune system in allergy

An inherent cause for food allergies is also diagnosed as owing to the reaction of these animals’ immune system towards particular proteins in the process of digesting it. When the food is fragmented in the stomach, enzymes take up the job of breaking the proteins into amino acids and that is later completely assimilated in the body. There are specific immune cells capable of absorbing higher percentage of proteins which are intact as part of the regular function. When the immune system misreads it, the body identifies these proteins as harmful leading to a reaction from the immune system on every instance of consumption of the specific protein. The dysfunction can probably occur during the first time consumption of the protein or gradually after few years of intake.

Atopy and the way out of it

Atopy, meaning unusual reaction, is the term used to describe the natural inclination among pets to become allergic. Pets suffering from this problem are called atopic and it is characterized by extraordinary response to components without any perceived problems. The atopic pets, both dogs and cats, have a problem of allergy towards dust mites, major allergens in the environment including air-borne elements. The habitat of the pets plays a prominent role in determining the exact nature of allergies they might have to endure. An atopic pet occupying a place in house with dry climate would be absolutely without any symptoms of allergy and if it is a hot atmosphere the chances of allergies are quite high. Generally, atopic pets show symptoms seasonally and slowly develop symptoms throughout the year.

Overcoming allergy in pets

On part of the pet owners, they have to act quite swiftly when allergy strikes at the first instance, since the problem may become too severe to recover better health for the pets. Before proceeding on your own in tracing the allergic element causing the problem either dogs or cats, it is best suggested to consult a veterinarian. Only a thorough examination can help you to identify the exact nature of allergy and the remedy to be offered to the pet. You may have to follow suit with blood test or customized diet to mark out the substance responsible for the allergic reaction. And with the outcome, you can calibrate your pet’s food and regimen accordingly. Use the shampoo prescribed by the vet to clear the fleas on your pet’s body. As in the case of humans, nipping in the bud is the best strategy to be followed for your pets. Care and careful planning would deter most of the allergic problems in your pets. It is easier said than done, but some corrective measures would make life easier and happier for your pets.